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What is jute fabric? How does it differ from other fabrics? And why should you care? Jute is a natural fiber derived from the plant species Corchorus olitorius. This versatile material has been used for thousands of years to produce textiles, ropes, sacks, clothing, bags, and even paper.

Jute is a sustainable, eco-friendly, and biodegradable textile that is suitable for both indoor and outdoor use. It is also hypoallergenic and breathable, making it ideal for baby wear, home décor, and industrial applications.

Learn more about jute fabric, where it comes from, types, and proper care.

What is Jute Fabric?
Jute fabric is a natural fiber that comes from the plant jute. It has some similarities to cotton but is stronger and less expensive. What makes it unique?

Jute is a long, thin plant native to India and Bangladesh. It grows well in tropical climates and thrives in hot, humid conditions. The plant produces a tough, durable fiber that is strong enough to withstand industrial processing. Jute is a versatile material that can be woven into fabrics or knitted into yarn. It can also be processed into rope, twine, and cordage.

Since the third millennium BC, jute has been used to make textiles in the Indus valley culture.

Jute has been an important part of the culture of Bangladesh and portions of West Bengal and Assam for centuries. In the seventeenth century, the British began dealing in jute. Jute was also utilized in the military throughout the British Empire's reign. Jute barons in the United Kingdom became wealthy by processing jute and selling manufactured jute items. The Dundee Jute Barons and the British East India Company erected a slew of jute mills in Bengal, and by 1895, Bengali jute production had overtaken that of Scotland. Many Scots moved to Bengal to establish jute mills.

Jute manufacturing remained a key element of the British Empire's economy until the late 19th century, and jute remained a major export of this region following independence. With the arrival of synthetic fibers in the latter half of the twentieth century, jute output stagnated, and it wasn't until the early twenty-first century that this plant fiber became a major economic force in Bengal, Bangladesh, and other regions of India.

How is Jute Fabric Made?

How does jute fabric get woven into cloth? Jute is a durable natural fiber that comes from the stem of the plant called Corchorus olitorius. The fibers are long and strong and they come in various colors. They are often blended to create a variety of fabrics.

This plant-based fiber grows best in a warm, moist climate with plenty of rain and well-drained loamy soil. It does not require fertilizers or pesticides, as previously stated. They are collected as plant stems and treated with a retting procedure. This entails soaking the stems for 10 to 30 days in slow-running water. This allows microorganisms to break down the sticky material that keeps the fibers together. The non-fiber section of the stem is scraped off when the retting is finished. Stripping is the term for this procedure. The stem is whacked with a paddle after stripping to separate the fibers. Before being transferred to jute mills, separated fibers are cleaned, dried, and graded.

Jute is a versatile material that can be used for a wide range of purposes. From a perfect-fit guarantees clothing to household items, you'll find several uses for this natural fiber.

What are the Different Types of Jute Fabric?

Jute fabric is a natural fiber that comes from the plant jute. It has been used for thousands of years to create clothing, ropes, bags, and other textiles. Today, jute is widely used in home decor, furniture, and even food packaging. It is a strong, durable, and eco-friendly material. It is also very versatile and can be dyed in various colors.

The various varieties of jute currently available are as follows:

White Jute

Jute is the second most significant vegetable fiber after cotton due to its flexibility. Jute is mostly used to wrap raw cotton bales in cloth and to manufacture sacks and coarse cloth. Curtains, chair covers, carpets, area rugs, hessian fabric, and linoleum backing are all made from fibers. White jute, as its name implies, is lighter in color than other strains of this fiber, but it is also less durable than its cousins.

Jute Cuttings

Jute cuttings are a waste product of the jute industry. They are the least desirable and roughest sections of the jute plant, although they can still be utilized to manufacture basic clothing.

Mesta Jute

Mesta is a bast fiber that is widely grown in India and areas of Eastern Asia. It's being used as a jute alternative. Mesta is made from the stems of Hibiscus sabdariffa varaltissima and Hibiscus Cannabinus, both of which belong to the Malvaceae family. This fiber is made up of a mix of white jute and Tossa jute.

Tossa Jute

Tossa jute is an annual herbaceous plant in the Malvaceae family that is cultivated for its tasty leaves and jute fiber. Tossa jute is the most common form of jute used today. It's a tough crop that produces more fiber than white jute. Tossa jute is browner than off-white, and its fibers are as long and robust as any other form of jute.

How to Wash Jute Fabric?

Jute fabric is a natural fiber that comes from the plant jute. It has a soft texture and is often used for clothing. If you want to wash jute fabric, you should follow these steps.

Machine Washing

Set the machine on a delicate cycle
Wash in cold water
Use mild liquid laundry detergent
You can use a liquid fabric softener to make burlap softer
Rinse until all soap is gone
Air dries
Because machine washes are harsher than hand washes, delicate jute pieces should not be washed in them.

Hand Washing

Ready your large basin or sink
Use cold water instead of water to avoid shrinking clothes
Use mild liquid laundry detergent
Soak the jute clothes
Rinse until all soap is gone
Air dries