what is flannel fabric

Flannel fabric is one of the most popular textiles in the world, t his fabric, which is usually created with worsted yarn or carded wool, is ideal for keeping warm in cold weather. It's soft, warm, and fluffy, and it's also offered at a reasonable price.

To learn more about this wonderful fabric, Just4unique creates this detailed guide of what is flannel fabric, its history, characteristics, different types, and best uses.

What is Flannel Fabric?

Flannel fabric is often used for making shirts and pajamas. The name "flannel" comes from the French word "flanelle."

Flannel fabric is a type of soft fabric that is made from wool or synthetic fibers. It is a loosely woven fabric that is recognized for its warmth and softness. In this modern-day, flannel is created from wool, cotton, or even synthetic fibers, and was originally fashioned from worsted yarn or carded wool. The softness of flannel is due to a brushing process that occurs after it is woven, in which the fabric is brushed on one or both sides to lift tiny threads and make it even softer.

The History of Flannel Fabric

The flannel fabric has been around for generations. The origins of the flannel fabric may be traced all the way back to 17th century Wales. Textile workers began exploiting a surplus of sheep's wool in the late 1600s, employing a technique known as "carding" to untangle and soften skeins. This resulted in a softer fabric with the same resilience as wool. Welsh textile factories began supplying flannel shirts to Welsh farmers, and then the whole working class, not long after. This innovative fabric quickly gained popularity as a way to combat the country's chilly, damp, and windy conditions.

The flannel fabric was quickly transported to England and France by fabric dealers. Textile mills with more modern technology we're able to manufacture materials faster and at a lower cost. In terms of aesthetics and functionality, flannel is now one of the most adaptable fabrics. No longer confined to the working class, a fashion statement, or a mere fad, it is now widely accepted by all around the world. We think you'll agree that flannel is one of, if not the greatest, fabrics you can wear, whether you're snuggling into a toasty pair of flannel jammies.

The Characteristics of Flannel Fabric

The most popular fabric for winter is flannel. Flannel is soft, warm, and comfortable and is a staple in most homes and workplaces around the world. The most significant characteristics of flannel are its softness, moisture-wicking, and warmth. To know more about this versatile and wonderful fabric check below its characteristics:

Flannel Fabric is Very Soft

Flannel fabric is very soft, cozy, and comfortable in winter. It will give you comfort and warmth in days when cold can be tolerable. Due to its soft fibers, loose weave, and brushed, napped feel, flannel fabric is well-known for being soft and comforting. From flannel shirts to flannel bedding, it's a popular material.

Flannel Fabric is Moisture-Wicking Fabric

Flannel fabric is a moisture-wicking fabric that will keep your body cool and dry during hot and cold weather. It is also a good choice for winter. Flannel is a popular option for outdoor clothes, winter pajamas, and blankets because of its ability to retain heat.

Flannel Fabric is Warm

Flannel is particularly breathable because of its loose weave, which means it won't hold moisture but will instead drain it away. Furthermore, high-quality flannel is almost always comprised of wool, a natural fiber recognized for its moisture-wicking properties.

The Different Types of Flannels

Flannel shirts have a few different types in the market, but they all have the same purpose. Check this type of flannel and choose the best suited to your wants and needs.

Canton or Cotton Flannel

It's a cotton-woven flannel, as the name suggests. It also has napped sides on one or both sides.

Vegetable Flannel

This sort of flannel dates back to the 1800s and is created from Scot's pine fibers. It was created by Leopold Lauritz in Germany.

Diaper Flannel

This material is napped on both sides and is made of strong cotton. It's also commonly used to make cloth diapers.


It is a textured cotton fabric with a flannel touch. It can have a long or brief sleep and can be slept on one or both sides. It comes in a variety of colors and designs, as well as solids and patterns.

Baby Flannel

This is a type of flannel that is commonly used to make children's clothing. It's made of a light material.

Ceylon Flannel

This is made of a cotton and wool blend. This sort of flannel was invented in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and is made out of a 50/50 combination of cotton and wool.

What to Make with Flannel Fabric?

Flannel fabric is a soft, lightweight fabric made of cotton, or sometimes polyester. It is a woven fabric that is used for making blankets, bed linens, and clothing. It is considered to be a soft, warm fabric, and is commonly used as a sleepwear fabric.

How to Care and Wash Flannel Fabric Properly?

Flannel fabric is a wonderful and versatile fabric that can be washed and worn for years. Learn how to wash it and care for it properly.

Before washing any flannel item, make sure to read the label. It will need special cleaning if it is made of wool flannel, which is normally done by a professional cleaner.

Coldwater should be added to the washing machine when washing flannel fabric.

Opt for a mild detergent, add the desired amount. While regular detergent can be used, the flannel may fade with time. Detergents that are harsh, or those that contain bleach additions or substitutes, should be avoided. It's ideal to maintain the water temperature constant, washing and rinsing with warm water. A dryer sheet can be added to the drying cycle if you don't use fabric softener in your washing machine.

Flannel fabrics (clothes, beddings, etc.) may be hung to dry or washed in the washing machine. If you're using a dryer, remove it as soon as it's dry.